How to Check NPM Version? [Upgrade to the Latest NPM]

In the dynamic landscape of Node.js development, the Node Package Manager (NPM) stands as the cornerstone for managing packages and modules. Whether dealing with internal components or external dependencies, NPM provides a robust framework for streamlined control. 

In this article, we dive into the important role of NPM, from checking versions to easy-to-follow installation guides for different operating systems. 

What Is NPM?

NPM stands for Node Package Manager, serves as a package manager for the JavaScript programming language, and is renowned as one of the largest software registries globally. It is primarily associated with Node.js, an environment for executing JavaScript code beyond web browsers. NPM facilitates the installation of new packages on your system. 

It provides a user-friendly interface for interactive development, empowering developers to effortlessly manage and install packages or libraries that enhance the capabilities of their JavaScript projects. NPM comes with the capability for version control and allows developers to define the specific versions of packages they want to incorporate into their projects. 

Supported by a sizable and dynamic community, NPM actively participates in the creation and upkeep of packages, offering diverse forms of assistance. Regular updates introduce fresh features, bug fixes, and performance enhancements, making it advisable to ensure the NPM installation remains current.

What Are the Key Benefits of Using NPM?

There are several benefits of using NPM on a system that we have listed below:

User-Friendly Learning Curve (Ease of Use):

With an intuitive interface, NPM is easily accessible, making it beginner-friendly. A foundational understanding of JavaScript and Object-Oriented Programming is sufficient to kickstart usage. Numerous quality courses, tutorials, and examples are available to facilitate a smooth learning experience.

Accelerated Time-To-Market:

NPM emphasizes rapid iteration, testing, and efficient storage, contributing to shortened time-to-market cycles for businesses and individuals. Its lightweight technology streamlines application development, enhancing overall efficiency and allowing for quicker project delivery.

Scalability at the Core:

A key strength of NPM lies in its scalability, aiding the growth of businesses and startups over time. As an automated package manager, it simplifies dependency management and is well-suited for projects adopting a microservices architecture. This versatility positions it as an ideal choice for scalable and long-term growth, enabling the independent scaling of microservices.

Supportive Community:

Backed by a dynamic community, NPM ensures developers never face roadblocks. The extensive Node.js community is professional and collaborative, providing a wealth of tools and instruments to enhance development speed and quality. The availability of libraries and reusable code templates, coupled with global developer and product owner assistance, fosters a supportive ecosystem.

JSON File Format Integration:

NPM stands out by employing the JSON file format for communication, eliminating the need for binary model transformations. This seamless support aligns well with the JavaScript ecosystem, enhancing compatibility and simplifying communication.

Efficient Minimal Viable Product (MVP) Development:

NPM streamlines the creation of Minimal Viable Products (MVPs), allowing for the rapid launch of software with dedicated features. This approach facilitates frequent releases to satisfy initial customers. Developers can achieve this with minimal time investment and budget, enabling effective marketing and garnering insights from a broad audience before the official product release.

How to Check NPM Version? (NPM Version or NPM V)

You can easily check the NPM Version with the “npm -v” command. To check the NPM version that is currently installed and running on your device, just execute the following command in the command prompt:

> npm -v

By executing the above command, you can get the NPM version installed on your system. This quick process allows you to verify your NPM version.

How to Check NPM Version on Linux

To check the NPM (Node Package Manager) version on a Linux system, you can follow these steps:

Step 1: First, open a Terminal window. You can quickly launch the terminal on your Linux distribution by using a keyboard shortcut like “Ctrl + Alt + t,” or you can access this application in the applications menu.

Step 2: Once the terminal window is open, execute the following command to check the NPM version:

$ npm -v

This command is used to check the version of NPM installed on your Linux machine. But, if you find this type of error, “NPM not found.” It means NPM is not installed on your Linux system.

To remove this error, you need to install the NPM on your Linux machine using the following command:

$ sudo apt install npm 

The above command will install the npm on your system. Further, you can verify the installation by checking the installed NPM version using the following command:

$ npm --version

After executing the command, the terminal will display the NPM version as a single line of text.

Checking the NPM version on Linux is a straightforward process using the terminal, and it helps ensure that you are aware of the installed version for compatibility with your projects and packages.

How to Check NPM Version on Windows

Follow these step-by-step instructions to check the NPM version on a Windows operating system:

Step 1: First, open a Command Prompt or PowerShell Window on your system. To do this, press the Windows key to access the Start menu.

Step 2: Type "Command Prompt" or "PowerShell" in the search bar.

Step 3: Choose "Command Prompt" or "Windows PowerShell" from the search results to launch the respective application.

Step 4: Once the Command Prompt or PowerShell window is open, you'll see a blinking cursor, indicating readiness for commands. Now, you can check the NPM Version. Input the following command and press enter:

> npm -v

This command is used to verify the installed NPM version on your Windows system.

After executing the command, the NPM version number will be displayed in the same window as a single line of text.

As you can see in the above screenshot, this output signifies that NPM version 9.6.6 is currently installed on your Windows machine. If the version number differs, it indicates a different NPM version.

By following these simple steps, you can easily confirm the NPM version installed on your Windows system, ensuring compatibility with your projects and packages.

How to Check NPM Version on Mac OS

To confirm the NPM (Node Package Manager) version on your Mac, you can utilize the Terminal application, which provides a command-line interface. Here's a step-by-step guide:

Step 1: First, open the Terminal Application. Launch the Finder by clicking on its icon in the Dock.

Step 2: In the top menu, navigate to "Go" and select "Utilities."

Step 3: Locate and open the "Terminal" application.

Step 4: Using the Terminal application, you can input commands to interact with your Mac's operating system and manage software installations. Now, you can check the NPM Version on Mac OS. To verify the installed NPM version, type the following command and hit enter:

npm -v

The above command prompts the Terminal to display the currently installed NPM version. By executing the above commands, the Terminal will output the NPM version as a single line of text. If the version number differs, it indicates a distinct NPM version.

By following these instructions, you can check the NPM version on your Mac using the Terminal, ensuring awareness of the installed version for project and package compatibility.

How to Check NPM Version Using the Node.js Console

When working with Node.js and managing packages, it's important to understand how to verify the installed NPM version. You can also check the NPM version using the Node.js console. To check the NPM version using the Node.js console, Follow this step-by-step guide:

Step 1: Open the Node.js Console. Launch your terminal or command prompt application.

Step 2: Type node and press enter to initiate the Node.js console, indicated by the > symbol.

Step 3: Check the NPM Version. Within the Node.js console, execute commands to interact with Node.js and associated tools like NPM.

To get NPM version using the Node.js console, execute the following command and press enter:

> NPM -v

This command specifically prompts Node.js to display the current NPM version.

The installed NPM version will display on your screen in a single line of text. Your successful execution of these steps ensures that you've checked the NPM version using the Node.js console.

Using the above steps, you can check the NPM version within your Node.js environment. This knowledge is important for maintaining your project's dependencies and compatibility with your projects and packages. Remember that the Node.js console provides a convenient avenue for interacting with Node.js tools, such as NPM, and retrieving critical information like the NPM version.

How to Check NPM Version Using the package.json File

In all JavaScript projects, whether geared towards Node.js or browser applications, every project has the potential to be structured as an NPM package. This is facilitated by the creation of a dedicated package information file, commonly known as package.json, which serves as a defining blueprint for the project. 

Primarily, the package.json file is generated when initiating a JavaScript or Node.js project through the NPM unit. Developers typically include essential metadata, providing foundational information about the project:

Name: This denotes the identifier for your JavaScript library or project.

Version: It specifies the version of the project. Although often overlooked in application development, versioning is crucial, especially for open-source libraries.

Description: This shows a summary of your project, intended to be informative yet concise.

License: A vital field where developers specify the license governing their project.

In essence, package.json encapsulates key details, offering a standardized and structured approach to define project attributes, dependencies, and licensing information.

An alternative method is also available to check the node version. Below, we listed steps to check the NPM version within the package.json file:

Step 1: Locate the package.json file to navigate to the root directory of your project within your project directory.

Step 2: Open the package.json file. Use a text editor or code editor to access the package.json file. Right-click on the file and choose "Open With" to select your preferred editor.

Step 3: Find the "engines" section:

Inside the package.json file, locate or manually add the "engines" section. This section defines the necessary versions of tools and dependencies for your project.

To inspect the NPM Version, within the "engines" section, find the "NPM" key, indicating the required NPM version for your project. The associated value with the "NPM" key signifies the desired NPM version. 

"engines": {

 "NPM": "9.8.0"

The specified NPM version is 9.8.0, which you can compare with the installed NPM Version.

After identifying the required NPM version in the package.json file, compare it with the NPM version installed on your system.

Use the "npm -v" command in your command-line interface (CLI) to check the installed NPM version, as described in previous responses.

By cross-referencing the specified NPM version in the package.json file with the installed version, you ensure compatibility with your project's dependencies and that your development environment meets the specified requirements. This method of checking the NPM version offers a convenient way to manage and track the necessary NPM versions for your development workflow without relying on external tools or commands.

How to Check NPM Version Using a Code Editor

To check the NPM version via a code editor, you can execute JavaScript code within the Node.js environment. Follow these straightforward steps:

Step 1: First, launch your preferred code editor, such as Visual Studio Code, Atom, or Sublime Text.

Step 2: Create a new JavaScript file:

Step 3: Generate a new JavaScript file with a .js extension and add the following code to the JavaScript file:

const { execSync } = require('child_process');

const npmVersion = execSync('npm --version').toString().trim();

console.log(`NPM version: ${npmVersion}`);

Save the source code in this file.

Step 4: Open a terminal or use the integrated terminal within your code editor.

Run the JavaScript file using Node.js:

Execute the following command in the terminal:

> node filename.js

Replace "filename" with the name you gave to your JavaScript file.

The terminal will display the installed NPM version on your system.

By following these steps, you can effortlessly check the NPM version using a code editor, providing a convenient and quick way to retrieve essential information about your development environment.

Why Is It Important to Be Aware of the Installed NPM (Node Package Manager) Version in Software Development?

Understanding the installed version of NPM (Node Package Manager) is important for various reasons, contributing to the overall success and efficiency of software development projects.

Project Dependency Management:

NPM plays a pivotal role in the scalability of businesses and startups by facilitating the seamless expansion of projects over time. Developers benefit from NPM's ability to manage dependencies efficiently, share and reuse code, and tap into an extensive ecosystem of modules and libraries.


Different versions of NPM may exhibit varying levels of compatibility with specific packages, libraries, or frameworks. It is essential to be aware of the installed NPM version to ensure that the packages utilized in your project are compatible and function correctly within your development environment. This knowledge helps prevent issues related to mismatched dependencies and ensures the smooth functioning of your application.

Bug Fixes, Troubleshooting, and Manage Security Updates: 

NPM regularly releases new versions, each potentially incorporating bug fixes and security patches. Staying abreast of the latest NPM version ensures that your projects benefit from these updates, contributing to enhanced stability and security. Ignoring version updates may leave your project vulnerable to known security issues and unresolved bugs.

Package Management: 

Different NPM versions may introduce changes in how package installation, dependency resolution, and other package management tasks are handled. Being aware of the installed NPM version is crucial for understanding the behavior and capabilities of the package manager. Checking the installed NPM version allows developers to manage project dependencies effectively, troubleshoot issues, and take advantage of new features introduced in later versions.

Knowing the installed NPM version is not merely a technical detail but a strategic consideration for any development team. It directly influences the scalability, compatibility, security, and overall management of dependencies in a project, contributing to the success and longevity of software endeavors.

What Common Errors May Be Encountered While Checking the NPM Version?

You may encounter several common errors when attempting to check the NPM version. Below, we also provided the potential solutions for these errors:

Command Not Recognized or Not Found:

Error Message: You might receive a message indicating that the command "NPM" is not recognized or not found. This occurs when NPM is not installed on your system, or its installation directory is not included in the system's PATH environment variable.

Solution: Ensure NPM is installed by downloading and installing Node.js. If already installed, confirm the installation directory is added to the PATH variable. Restart your command-line interface (CLI) or computer for changes to take effect.

Incorrect Syntax:

Error Message: An error message about incorrect syntax may appear when executing the "NPM -v" command. This error is likely due to mistyped commands or extra characters/spaces.

Solution: Carefully check the syntax, ensuring the command is precisely "NPM -v" without additional characters or spaces. Retype the command accurately.

Network Connectivity Issues:

Error Message: Errors related to network connectivity or connection timeouts may occur during the "NPM -v" command: unstable internet connection, network configuration issues, or temporary unavailability of the NPM registry.

Solution: Verify a stable internet connection, check network configuration, and confirm access to other internet resources. If issues persist, try again later, or consider using a different network or VPN.

Permissions-Related Errors:

Error Message: 

Errors related to permissions may surface when checking the NPM version. The main cause of this type of error is Insufficient permissions to access or execute the NPM command.

Solution: Run the command with administrative or elevated privileges. On Windows, right-click the CLI and choose "Run as administrator." On Unix-based systems, use the "sudo" command before the NPM command to elevate privileges.

By understanding these common errors and their solutions, you can effectively troubleshoot issues encountered while verifying the NPM version. Carefully review your installation, command syntax, network connectivity, and permissions to ensure a seamless experience with NPM. 

If you are using a VPS Linux server, by following the above guidelines, you can easily find the installed NPM version.


In this guide, we learned how to check the NPM version on Linux, Windows, and Mac OS. The Node Package Manager facilitates swift access to essential tools, enabling seamless sharing across individuals and locations. NPM allows users to form virtual teams and automates code management by handling dependencies. 

This tutorial provides a concise overview of NPM version checking and offers comprehensive installation instructions tailored for various operating systems. If you find this tutorial beneficial, consider sharing it with those who may benefit from it.

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